Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. This kind of dilemma is not only observable in countries under war or chaotic situations but rather it is affecting even developed countries with stable government systems. The United States of America is no exception because they also experienced this same catastrophic event in their history.
With the anthrax scares that followed the attacks of September 11,we are more aware of possible bioterrorist attacks and the biological hazards they produce.
Other than anthrax, some of the diseases that could be used as biological weapons are tularemia, smallpox, botulism, and plague. In this paper, I will discuss three of these possible bioterrorism agents. Anthrax The first agent is anthrax. Anthrax is a disease caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis.
Anthrax is usually found in wild and domestics animals, such as cattle, sheep, and goats. Humans can be infected with this disease if they are exposed to an infected animal. When these animals die, the spores of Bacillus anthracis may remain in the soil for many years.
Dry spores can be man-made for biological warfare or terrorism purposes. There are three ways to contract anthrax and each has its own set of symptoms. Symptoms of each usually appear about seven days after exposure. Cutaneous anthrax is most common form.
Cutaneous anthrax occurs when the bacteria enter through a cut in the skin. The first sign resembles an insect bite that is raised and itchy. The bump then turns into a vesicle after a day or two and then turns into a painless ulcer.
The ulcer is typically cm in diameter and a black, dead center. Adjacent lymph nodes may swell. Death is rare if treatment is administered. The next type is inhalation anthrax. The symptoms of this may resemble a cold. Symptoms then progress to shock and extremely difficult breathing. Within two days, death usually occurs.
Typically, this form of anthrax is fatal. The final form is intestinal anthrax that may result from eating undercooked, tainted meat.
The result is an inflamed intestinal tract. Symptoms of this are nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting of blood, severe diarrhea and fever. Every person would have to be exposed to the spores.
Vaccines are used to treat those infected and are required for many military personnel. Smallpox The second agent that could possibly be used in bioterrorism is smallpox.
Smallpox is caused by the variola virus. Routine vaccines against smallpox were last administered in and the disease was completely wiped out by Smallpox does still exist in labs around the world though. Russia still has a facility that could produce tons of smallpox each year and is still researching more toxic strains.
If smallpox were used as a biological weapon today, it would be a major threat to the United States.
Even those who had the vaccine over 20 years ago are still susceptible to the disease, as they have not gotten updated booster shots. Smallpox can easily be spread from person to person by a cough or sneeze. The virus can also be transmitted through contaminated clothing and linens. After exposure, there is about a two week incubation period before the onset of symptoms.
Symptoms of smallpox are high fever, headache and backache. Severe abdominal pain and delirium may also be present.
A rash will appear, first in the mouth, pharynx, face, forearms, and will then spread to the trunk and legs.Jan 09, · The largest bioterrorist attack in United States history had begun.
The origins of this brazen contamination go back to , when Indian mystic Baghwan Shree Rajneesh (also known as Osho) began a. The fears and predictions of bioterrorist attacks at the close of the 20th century were transformed into reality when anthrax laden letters were posted to several people through the United States postal system following the September 11 terrorist attacks.
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