The role of parents in early childhood learning Susan H. From a socio-cultural viewpoint, cognitively responsive behaviours e. Increased volume in this brain region is associated with more optimal development of a number of psychosocial factors e. Problem Despite the central role for responsive parenting in different research frameworks, much of what we know about this parenting style comes from descriptive studies.
Julie Petersen Child abuse is known to be one of the major problems which drive an attention of the nation. Many organizations had been founded because of this issue. In modern society, it takes different forms and includes psychological and physical abusing treatment of children.
Additionally, it was found out that in most cases the abusive actions were registered from parents or their friends, or other family members.
In this essay paper on child abuse effects and causes, I will examine types of child abuse and examples and consequences of child abuse. Child abuse cases can be subdivided into four forms: According to the latest researches, the most common abuse type is neglect.
Neglect means that caregivers or parents fail to provide sufficient attention and care to their children. Usually ignoring is noticed when a child is dressed in dirty or old clothes, lacks of hygiene, frequently absent at school, ill with no medical assistance and isolated from others.
Neglect is usually reported by the people who are close to the child: There are three forms of negligence: Physical neglect is the most widely noticed among children. Physical neglect is represented by careless actions of parents, including not providing adequate food, clothes, the place to live, medical care or treatment.
Physical abuse is the second type of abuse. It is connected with a noticeable physical effect on the child. Usually, it is related to children punishment when they are doing something wrong, but there are a lot of registered cases of physical abuse without any apparent reason.
Physical abuse is often reported by doctors and teachers, on rare occasions by neighbors who notice different signs of severe physical injuries on the child body.
Emotional abuse is the third type of child abuse, and it is very hard to identify this sort of ill-treatment. As a result of emotional abuse, a child can have speech problems, physical development lags, disruptive or hyperactive behavior.
Sexual abuse is the fourth type of child abuse, and the least frequency reported type. It is important to understand causes of child abuse to prevent it.
According to the specialists in this area, there are three causes of child abuse: In this group, we can also include parents who suffered from abuse and violence in their childhood and can reproduce only such behavior. Also, some parents are not differentiating discipline from physical abuse and trying to use violent methods to teach children right things.[pic]Theories of Child Development and Learning [pic] Several theories of child development and learning have influenced discussions of school readiness.
Three have had profound impact on kindergarten readiness practices. These three theories include the maturationist, environmentalist, and constructivist perspectives of development (Powell, ).
- Child rearing is the way in which children are raised in a society. No matter their culture, parents play a significant role in helping their child become a respectable and contributing member of society.
Every child learns in a slightly different way, experts say, and figuring out your child's own learning style can help assure academic success. Here's what to look for. The internet can harm, but can also be a child's best tool for learning Debunking the myths: computers don't make children antisocial Sugata Mitra.
The social learning theory is where children learn through example. This leads on from the Learning theory but also emphasizes that children learn behaviours by observing and imitating adults, especially those that are important to the child.
Assignment #2 Early Childhood Cognitive Development For this assignment, the student will use and apply knowledge of child development and learning, appropriate observation, and documentation and assessment to gain a fuller understanding of early childhood development as time is spent observing a .