Esters derived from the simplest carboxylic acids are commonly named according to the more traditional, so-called " trivial names " e. Esters derived from more complex carboxylic acids are, on the other hand, more frequently named using the systematic IUPAC name, based on the name for the acid followed by the suffix -oate. For example, butyl acetate systematically butyl ethanoatederived from butanol and acetic acid systematically ethanoic acid would be written CH3CO2C4H9. Cyclic esters are called lactonesregardless of whether they are derived from an organic or an inorganic acid.
The IF function in Excel allows you to evaluate a situation which has two possible outcomes e. However, sometimes you need to work with situations where there are more than two possible outcomes. That's where multiple, or nested, IF functions come in handy.
In this tutorial we'll cover how to use nested IF functions to calculate sales commission for a team of sales people, given a range of different commission rates. This lesson assumes you are already familiar with the IF function. If you aren't, you can learn how to use IF statements here.
Calculating commission for a sales team based on monthly sales Imagine you have a sales team of five people, and you need to calculate their commission for the month based on their sales figures.
You put the data into the following table: Your commission plan works as follows: The logical tests you would use in this case are these: If TRUE, then calculate commission.
If TRUE then calculate commission. The formula to represent this to calculate commission for Bob looks like this I've highlighted the logical tests in bold to help you understand now the formula is put together: Let me run through it again.
If it is, it calculates commission at At this point there are no more IF statements, no more logical tests we need to do, and we have our answer.
Here's how our spreadsheet example looks once the formula has been entered into the Commission column. I've put the formula for each sales person in the cell next to the commission calculation so you can see how it looks: Check Rajiv's commission figure in the table above. What commission does he get?
He actually gets That means he receives commission at So it's important to pay attention to how you construct your logical tests. Some things to remember when using nested IF functions Nested IF functions are very powerful, but there are some things to consider before you dive in and start using them.
As you can see from the commission formula above, using nested IF statements gets complicated quite quickly.
Trying to decipher this takes a moment or two, especially if you haven't looked at the spreadsheet in a while.Play a game of Kahoot! here. Kahoot! is a free game-based learning platform that makes it fun to learn – any subject, in any language, on any device, for all ages!
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