If the writer in paragraph.
Early history[ edit ] " Europe " as a cultural sphere is first used in the Carolingian period to encompass the Latin Church as opposed to Eastern Orthodoxy. Military unions of "European powers" in the medieval and early modern period were directed against the threat of Islamic expansion.
Thus, in the wake of the Fall of Constantinople to the Turks inGeorge of Podebradya Hussite king of Bohemiaproposed in a union of European, Christian nations against the Turks.
Felix Markham notes how during a conversation on St. Helena, Napoleon remarked, "Europe thus divided into nationalities freely formed and free internally, peace between States would have become easier: French novelist Victor Hugo argued, inthat "A day will come when we shall see Deutscher Bund was established as a loose association of thirty-eight sovereign German states formed by the Congress of Vienna.
Napoleon had swept away the Holy Roman Empire and simplified the map of Germany.
Inthe Zollverein "customs union" was formed among the states of the Confederation, to create better trade flow and reduce internal competition. The then current ideas of geopolitics and a Mitteleuropa were also influential in providing an intellectual framework for European Union in Germany.
The project consisted of 77 articles.
The envisioned United States of Europe was to be an international organisation rather than a superstate. This set the stage for perhaps the best known early proposal for peaceful unification, through cooperation and equality of membership, made by the pacifist Victor Hugo in Hugo used the term United States of Europe French: Hugo favoured the creation of "a supreme, sovereign senate, which will be to Europe what parliament is to England" and said "A day will come when all nations on our continent will form a European brotherhood A day will come when we shall see Victor Hugo planted a tree in the grounds of his residence on the Island of Guernsey he was noted in saying that when this tree matured the United States of Europe would have come into being.
This tree to this day is still growing happily in the gardens of Maison de HautevilleSt. The Italian philosopher Carlo Cattaneo wrote "The ocean is rough and whirling, and the currents go to two possible endings: Here the anarchist Mikhail Bakunin stated "That in order to achieve the triumph of liberty, justice and peace in the international relations of Europe, and to render civil war impossible among the various peoples which make up the European family, only a single course lies open: As part of 19th c.
The aim was for a specifically Christian, and by implication Roman Catholic, Europe. InAristide BriandFrench prime minister, gave a speech in the presence of the League of Nations Assembly in which he proposed the idea of a federation of European nations based on solidarity and in the pursuit of economic prosperity and political and social co-operation.
Many eminent economists, among them John Maynard Keynessupported this view. The British civil servant Arthur Salter published a book of the same name in The Great Depressionthe rise of fascism and communism and subsequently World War II prevented the inter war movements from gaining further support.
Impact of the Second World War[ edit ].Bad essay writing jobs in india about advertisements essay google maps. Art is life essay jail phrases argument essay checklist research essay examples free engineering volga river essay physical map quiz essay ielts about environment housing Essay european union institutions.
Share this. Which EU institution is the most powerful? The European Union (EU) is currently made up of 25 countries, known as Member States, which together form the largest voluntary and peaceful block of countries in the world.
What are the most important issues facing the European Union today and why?
The European Union is an integration of European states that encompasses different histories, institutions, political systems and economies. At present the EU boasts 27 member countries .
In , William Penn looked at the devastation of war in Europe and wrote of a "European dyet, or parliament", to prevent further war, without further defining how such an institution would fit into the political reality of Europe at the time.
In , Abbot Charles de Saint-Pierre proposed the creation of a European league of 18 sovereign . Clockwise from top left: A large EU flag is waved across Maidan on 27 November , opposition activist and popular singer Ruslana addresses the crowds on Maidan on 29 November , Pro EU rally on Maidan, Euromaidan on European Square on 1 December, tree decorated with flags and posters, crowds direct hose at militsiya, plinth .
Turkey and the European union Let us begin this by looking at what the EU wants from Turkey. The criteria for EU membership adopted by the Copenhagen European Council in June require that a candidate country has achieved stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection [ ].