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Martin Luther King, Jr. The following entry provides an overview of King's career. King was the leader of the civil rights movement in the United States during the s and s.
His nonviolent approach to Martin luther kings letter essay reform and political activism, characterized by mass marches and large gatherings designed to demonstrate both the widespread acceptance of the tenets of civil rights and the barbarism of those who opposed them, contrasted with the confrontational methods espoused by Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam.
King's Letter from Birmingham City Jail and the speech in which he declared "I Have a Dream" are considered the written landmarks of the movement. Today they are counted among history's great statements of human rights. Biographical Information King was born in Atlanta, Georgia, and was raised in a middle-class family.
Following the lead of his father and grandfathers, he pursued a theological education. He studied the works of Walter Rauschenbusch, who contended that the church must work to undo social injustices, and those of Mohandas K.
Gandhi, who espoused a philosophy of nonviolence. In the fall of he began his doctoral studies at Boston University and received his Ph.
That same year he rose to prominence in the civil rights movement by organizing a protest in support of Rosa Parks, a black woman who was arrested in Alabama for sitting in a "whites only" section of a public bus. Near the end of he began working to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama.
His leadership produced an agreement with the Justice Department that led to the desegregation of lunch counters, restrooms, fitting rooms, and drinking fountains. In King helped plan a massive march on Washington, D. In King received the Nobel Peace Prize.
His campaign for voting rights, concentrated in Selma, Alabama, was met with violence from both police and civilians and resulted in President Lyndon Johnson signing the Voting Rights Act into law. King continued his social campaigns until April 4,when he was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee.
Major Works King's written works reflect his heritage in the traditions of the southern black church as well as his knowledge of western philosophy. King further implements biblical theology, along with the philosophies of Gandhi and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, in Stride toward Freedoma discussion of the events leading up to the Montgomery bus boycott.
In his "I Have a Dream" speech, King paints a vision of a "promised land" of justice and racial equality. In the celebrated Letter from Birmingham City Jail, a commentary directed at his critics, King again displays his sermonic style and use of biblical allusions and rhetoric.
Paul's writings, the Letter has been described by Stephen Oates as "a classic in protest literature, the most elegant and learned expression of the goals and philosophy of the nonviolent movement ever written. Mott also commends King for harnessing "the profound emotional power of the old Negro sermon for purposes of social action.
Andrew Kopkind commented that although King had worthy goals, he had "no real notion of how they are to be attained, or to what they may lead. These disclosures prompted scores of newspaper editorials and other responses arguing that the allegations had no bearing on King's contributions to the civil rights movement.
In a New York Times editorial stated that King's "achievement glows unchallenged through the present shadow, [his] courage was not copied; and there was no plagiarism in his power.Mlk Jr.’S “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” Essay. MLK Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” While unaware of the impact this would have on the American people, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” turned into an iconic piece of American history.
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Martin Luther King Essay Sample Martin Luther King Jr. was a celebrated priest and human rights activist.
His father had been a priest too, and, notably, King Jr. had initially been reluctant to follow in his father footsteps, but consequently changed his mind, which eventually proved to be an excellent decision. The "Letter From Birmingham Jail" discusses the great injustices happening toward the Black community in Birmingham.
In order to justify his desire for racial justice and equality, Martin Luther King, Jr. uses appeals to emotion, ethical appeals, and logical appeals. Essay on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from a Birmingham Jail Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from a Birmingham Jail gave the people an insight into the mind and his unwillingness to give up on his dream for better life and respect for ‘Negroes’.
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