Reference within essay

The references should always be organized in alphabetical order. This gives an organized look to the essay.

Reference within essay

When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.

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For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.

Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.

All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.

This is called hanging indentation. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.

Reference within essay

Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.

Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

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Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.

Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay.

Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others.

Reference within essay

Example: (Morris, Raskin, Article: (‘APA Essay Format’, ) APA Reference list. If you reference the author's name in the text of your essay, it's necessary to include only the page number. EX: In picture books, such as coffee table photography books, the author usually pays for the photographs or permissions to use them.

If your research paper includes a source that you cannot locate, you may have no choice but to reference it as discussed in a secondary source. When citing a reference within a reference in American Psychological Association style, the rules are different for an in-text citation versus a citation on a references list.

Reference List/Works Cited: These are one in the same and are essentially an alphabetical list by author of all the sources you have noted within your essay.

Reference List: Basic Rules // Purdue Writing Lab

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MLA Citation within the Essay 1. Author not named in your text: analysis, rather than in a parenthetical reference.

By consulting the Works Cited list, the reader will be able to determine that the source is electronic and my therefore not have page numbers.

4 Ways to Cite an Essay - wikiHow